On a planet where the pyramids, hanging gardens of Babel and the mausoleum of Halicarnassus are among the greatest unchallenged wonders of the world, it is often hard to believe that strange things such as rainbow trees, lakes spiders and falls of "blood" become possible. However, if you dare to venture into the most beautiful corners of the world, you will discover many fascinating sciences that create seductive and scary scenes directly from a psychedelic novel.
Although most lakes are formed and maintained by a spectacular water source, some of them are an accumulation of slush, excessive precipitation and traces of groundwater. The waters of this simple nature (hereinafter referred to as the "endorheic" lake) are susceptible to intense evaporation. In fact, the lake dries up completely in summer. A Canadian lake has a colorful mosaic of spots. This remote area of the Okanagan Valley in British Columbia, officially known as the "spotted lake", resembles all other lakes in the country in winter, spring and fall. In summer, however, it constitutes most of the sea lost by evaporation.
The rest is not an old part of the country. Spotted Lake is rich in natural resources: calcium, sodium and magnesium sulphates, as well as titanium, are the main competitors and are responsible for color. If the water surrounding these elements and minerals shines, the many rings of alkaline color remain behind Depending on their concentration, various green, yellow and blue rings will form on the dry surface. .
From a tourist point of view, Thailand is known for its beautiful beaches, good food and hiking trails, as well as for its popular islands full of scenery. The country is often presented as an "abandoned paradise". The large number of tourists who lived in the area from November to March probably had no idea of one of the most remarkable aspects: bioluminescent blue water, visible only at night. The waters off the Thai coast are mainly populated by microscopic plankton, which contains many of the same chemical combinations as fireflies.
In the same chemical reaction of luciferin and luciferase as fireflies, the plankton that occurs in coastal waters shines when it is irritated. The display has already been described as a "magic light show [to maintain the brightness of the stars above]".
A Waterfall Of Blood
If we think of waterfalls, most of us are more likely to think of the famous Niagara Falls, whose most remarkable (and perhaps neglected) aspect is crystal clear water. Despite the usual clear waterfalls, however, there is a place where the flowing water is incredibly violet.
The isolated Taylor Glacier site, discovered for the first time in Antarctica in 1911, appears to have shed blood instead of water. The reason is a little complicated. Unlike melting snow and groundwater, the Taylor Glacier water source is the salt lake below. Over time, this salty water absorbs wrought iron traces through constant contact with the underlying bed. The following is the same chemical reaction that produces rust. The water takes on a dark red color of iron oxide. When the overflow of water seems to be made up of blood.
The rainbow eucalyptus, which is aptly named, looks like an ordinary tree covered with paint and is found mainly in the Philippines and Indonesia. It can also be found in Hawaii, California and Florida. Wherever you encounter this tree, its wild color is the result of the unique formation of the skin and its location. (The most colorful of these trees are found in Indonesia and the Philippines.) The bark of trees consists of dividing cambium cells containing high concentrations of chlorophyll (a chemical that leaves their leaves and rich green herbs).
During the life of the cambium cells, they are impregnated with various tannins, chemicals that determine the visual range from red to brown. The different combinations of these chemicals, as well as the relative humidity and moisture of the bark, create the effect of the rainbow.
Neither a stone nor a rose, a phenomenon encountered in Mexico and Tunisia (and more rarely in Arizona), is called a "stone rose". These roses, formed from gypsum or barite, are created by evaporation or these other minerals bind to the grains of sand in a dry environment and rich in salt. At an average size of 10 centimeters per petal, these pink formations directly related to their species are formed. Those made in heavy places usually produce amber petals, while deeper formations in a larger space often produce yellow or light petals. The unique shape of these roses is not their own. Whatever their color of the day or their place of origin, they all shine with ultraviolet light in the same white color.
Travel to some places in India, especially in Kerala, and you will witness the seemingly pathological phenomenon of bloodshed. Although the name recalls some kind of biblical horror film, the scary weather in this state is not the result of the oxidation of the water. This is rather due to the proximity of the state with the neighboring deserts. Although the rain is clear, he can take various things in return. (Acid rain is a great example and the result.) But chemicals are not the only thing that can be added to the rain. Fine, bulky airborne particles can also mix with cloud moisture. When reddish sand particles mix in these clouds, they collapse and accumulate in the red blood fluids, leaving even a red color when the rain evaporates.
The scientific explanation that particles are mixed with a cloud of moisture also applies to the same phenomenon in Russia in July 2018. The city of Norilsk was besieged by the red rain one afternoon. Guilty party? A metalworking factory performed regular maintenance. Rust debris was recovered on the ground, driven into an updraft that brought them high enough to blend in with the clouds. Soon, it was raining red.
A Lake of Frozen Bubbles
Abraham Lake has been an artificial lake in Alberta, Canada, since 1972, filled with frozen jellyfish or cartoon gems. He was full of frozen bubbles. A unique aspect of this lake is that it is a lake. Its surface contains high concentrations of mite gas. Most lakes contain significant amounts of methane because of the inability of the materials to sink and be eaten by bacteria. These bacteria in turn produce methane that escapes from the water and ends up in the air. However, Lake Abraham is unique in that its water temperature is high enough that methane can still escape from the water, but it is cold enough for the escaping gas to congeal in water. rotten waters. They have a color ranging from white to deep blue, depending on their proximity to the surface.
For strawberry lovers from all over the world, you're in luck. at least visually. There is a
bright pink lake off the coast of Western Australia, called Hillier. Although not the only pink lake in the world, Hillier's water is the only water that does not fade when collected. This color is not just an optical illusion or the result of a seabed. Instead, it is the result of many factors working together. Founded in 1802, Hillier Lake is home to a specific type of salt-loving algae, known as Dunaliella, which generates its energy using all frequencies of visible light, except those that fall in the red or the spectrum. These algae not only 'leave the energy of the red light, but also produce variations of carotene, contributing to the reddish-pink color of the lake.
At first glance, Lake Natron, Tanzania, resembles a morbid, red-watered oasis
surrounded by peaceful birds flowing along its banks. However, the cause of this deep red abyss is more than just a concussion. Also known as the "stone animal lake", this African water had such a high alkaline content that it could kill and instantly put oil on all animals that dared to move in depth. Instead of being the result of an optical illusion or the presence of halophilic bacteria, the deep red color of soda is attributed to the presence of minerals formed by volcanic processes in the immediate environment. These processes gradually increase the pH of the water until it is saturated with soda and sodium carbonate, the latter being previously used in the mummification practice. The presence of various minerals, including the remains of rotting animals that can not survive under difficult conditions, has greatly increased natural alkaline water. As such, it has been useful for haloarchaea, red organisms that infest the lake, and the cultivation of flamingos that often live in the water.
Forest Of Ice Blades
Whether it's in childhood, snowman making or ice sculpture, there are snow and ice sculpting activities in various glamorous forms today and it seems nowhere to go. But what happens if the earth itself decides to have fun? Travel to different parts of Chile and you will find miniature forests with blades. ,, they do not have snow or ice in the area. Religions named "Penitentes", discovered for the first time in 1835, can reach a height of 5 meters. They result directly from collapse, a chemical process in which a heat source first dissolves a solid in a gas without changing it. In a process that only generates itself, the angular formation of smaller bends is more focused on sunlight. This adds a sublimation rate to the entire forest of these peaks.